Anything can happen in the stock market in the short term. Expect both increases and declines.

A market correction is a reversal of the prevailing price movement trend for a security. A "correction" is most often used to describe a decline after a period of rising prices.

A market crash is commonly defined as a 20% decline in a single day or over several days. On October 19th 1987---referred to as "Black Monday"---the DJIA plummeted 22.6% in a single session. On 10/10/08, the DJIA closed at 8451.19---around a 22% cumulative loss over 7 trading days. Market crashes do not necessarily lead to bear markets. On 10/13/2008, the DJIA closed at 9387.61--the 936.42 point increase equated to an 11% single-day gain. Up to that point, it was the largest single-day gain in the history of the American stock market since the 1930's. On 10/15/2008, the DJIA closed at 8577.91. On 10/16/2008, the DJIA closed at 8979.26. On 10/31/2009, the DJIA closed at 9325.01. On 11/21/08, the DJIA closed at 7552.29. "Testing the bottom" is a term meaning the market fluctuates up and down until a low point is reached.

A bear market is a period of decline in multiple broad market indexes such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) and the Standard & Poor's 500 Index (S&P 500) over several months---at least a two-month period. Recessions typically average about ten months in length. Stocks generally bottom out in around the sixth month. Predicting the duration of a recession is typically little more than an "educated guess." Our current recession started in December 2007 and may last 18 months. It could end around June 2009. At 18 months, it would be the longest recession since the Great Depression. In the meantime, there should be plenty of opportunistic financial buys for investors at unusually low price points.

Someone once said there are three phases to a bear market:

First phase---a few people see that things are getting worse.

Second phase---most people see that things are getting worse.

Third phase---everyone is convinced that things can only get worse.

The third phase is when consumer confidence is at its lowest.

When consumer confidence is at its lowest, it is typically a good time to purchase securities.

In good markets and bad markets, well-balanced diversified portfolios invested for the long-term are the key to financial success.

Over a long period of time, the DJIA trends upward.

The Standard & Poor’s (S&P Index) odds of increasing over any 1-year period are only 7 to 3. The S&P odds of increasing over any 5-year period are 9 to 1. Stock market investment risks diminish over any 5-year period. Money not needed within 5-years might be considered for stock market investments.

Sometimes people panic when the stock market drops and they lose a dollar.

Anything can happen in the short term; however, over time the
market has always rewarded long-term investors.

Be a long-term investor!

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